Next for Microgrid: From Island to Mainland to Data Centers

April 3, 2014
ABB’s microgrid business is largely centered on islands and other remote locations. But that’s changing as the US market emerges. Here’s what ABB sees coming and the role data centers and utilities may play.

Graphic courtesy of ABB

Remote outposts face one set of energy problems; the interconnected US grid another entirely. Can microgrids be a solution for both?

Power automation and technology company ABB believes they can. From its North Carolina offices, the Switzerland-based company is eyeing the lower 48 states after focusing its microgrid strategy on places like Kodiak, Alaska and Flores Island.

“It’s an emerging market,” said Brad Luyster, ABB’s vice president and general manager for microgrids, in a recent interview.

Indeed, Navigant Research describes North America as the global leader for microgrids with 66 percent, or 2,874 MW, of the planned, proposed or existing capacity worldwide. Just considering microgrids that are under development, North America holds 67 percent of market share, according to Navigant’s Microgrid Deployment Tracker for Q2 2014.

ABB moved into the microgrid space in December 2011 with the purchase of Australian company PowerCorp, which offers flywheel and battery stabilization technologies and distributed controls. Its systems can be found in places like a nickel mine project in Australia and a research station in New Zealand.

Remote locations often employ microgrid technology as a way to integrate renewable energy into diesel-dependent power systems. While wind and solar bring clean and inexpensive fuel, they also insert instability into the system. A cloud cover or a wind lapse can cause power fluctuations. ABB brings system stability by incorporating low- speed flywheels with solid state converters.

In the US, the technology problems are different. High tech industries demand power quality that’s not always available through what ABB calls the US “embedded grid.” Further, because the US grid is large and interconnected, it can fail in grand ways with cascading damage that causes wide-scale power outages.  Microgrids can separate or “island” from the macrogrid to protect critical facilities from that failure.

“Adding solar and wind into the US grid isn’t a challenge; the challenge is doing it in a small community and then being able to island on and off the grid… in a seamless fashion so that the lights don’t blink or the power doesn’t go off for a few seconds,” Luyster said.

The technology exists to make microgrid  effective in the US. But politics stands in the way. Many utilities see microgrids as yet another form of distributed generation stealing away their customers.

Would you like to read more energy efficiency and microgrid news? Subscribe to our free Energy Efficiency Markets newsletter.

Luyster sees two key trends emerging that shape the future of microgrids in the US.

The first trend encourages customers to leave the utility. Data centers would likely be the first to go,  given their growing need for energy and power quality.

“If I’m a data center, there is no reason I can’t go off grid,” Luyster said “The microgrid technology we have now in some cases offers 100 percent reliability–it depends on the system you build out.”

Brad Luyster, ABB

The second trend encourages utilities to be the ones adopting microgrids, as a way to create grid redundancy and better handle storms and other events that cause grid failures.

It’s unclear what trend will dominate. State and federal policy remains vague when it comes to microgrids. How rules emerge will likely determine the shape of the US microgrid industry.

Development  could occur unevenly throughout the US because of its existing market variances, according to Luyster.

For example, in deregulated markets like the Northeast, utilities may not be allowed to own microgrids, so independent development companies may dominate the market. But  in vertically integrated markets utilities may embrace microgrids, since they’d be allowed to develop and own them, Luyster said.

At this point, utilities remain generally wary of microgrids. “It’s almost like going back to the Ma Bell days,” he said. “There is resistance because everybody is afraid it is going to ruin their revenue streams. They [the utilities] are going to play defense until they have to make a change.”

What will be the tipping point for microgrid in the US?

Utilities will take microgrid seriously when big industries abandon them to join or build a microgrid. Data centers are likely to be the first to go, he said.

“Data centers are the booming industry – the steel of the future. They are going to be big power consumers across the US , across the globe,” Luyster said. “And the data centers are saying, ‘There has got to be a better way.’”

Are you interested microgrids? Join our new LinkedIn group, Microgrid Knowledge and add to the discussion.

About the Author

Elisa Wood | Editor-in-Chief

Elisa Wood is an award-winning writer and editor who specializes in the energy industry. She is chief editor and co-founder of Microgrid Knowledge and serves as co-host of the publication’s popular conference series. She also co-founded RealEnergyWriters.com, where she continues to lead a team of energy writers who produce content for energy companies and advocacy organizations.

She has been writing about energy for more than two decades and is published widely. Her work can be found in prominent energy business journals as well as mainstream publications. She has been quoted by NPR, the Wall Street Journal and other notable media outlets.

“For an especially readable voice in the industry, the most consistent interpreter across these years has been the energy journalist Elisa Wood, whose Microgrid Knowledge (and conference) has aggregated more stories better than any other feed of its time,” wrote Malcolm McCullough, in the book, Downtime on the Microgrid, published by MIT Press in 2020.

Twitter: @ElisaWood

LinkedIn: Elisa Wood

Facebook:  Microgrids

Exploring the Potential of Community Microgrids Through Three Innovative Case Studies

April 8, 2024
Community microgrids represent a burgeoning solution to meet the energy needs of localized areas and regions. These microgrids are clusters of interconnected energy resources,...

Fpo H2 Innovation Experience Rendering Preferred

Emerson Technologies Help SoCalGas Deliver Clean Energy for [H2] Innovation Experience

The drive for a renewable, carbon-free energy transition reaches individual residences and consumers with small-scale hydrogen production and utilization.